How Wire Transfer From India to Abroad Actually Works
Have you ever thought about how money is transferred from India to another country? If your answer is yes, then this post is for you!
Money Transfer has come a long way from physically needing to transport currency notes and coins in armoured trucks or trains (and fending off robbery attempts on the journey!).
Nowadays, at the click of a button, the same is possible electronically simply by passing messages between banks (Wire Transfer)!
Here we’ll discuss the juicy and interesting details on how International Money Transfer from India takes place in modern times.
International Money Transfer (Wire Transfer) From India to Abroad via Banks
Banks in India and the world over use what is called “Wire Transfer/Telegraphic Transfer” to send money abroad.
The first Wire Transfer took place back in 1872. It was done by Western Union through their own Telegraph network. The sender paid the money to the Telegraph operator in their town, who then sent a telegraph message to the recipient’s town instructing release of funds to the recipient.
Even now, this same principle is followed by banks to move money hence it’s also known by the Telegraphic Transfer.
Take a look below at the 5 steps of “Wire Transfer” to move funds internationally;
1. The sender chooses a money transfer service provider
A money transfer service is not only performed by a bank but it can also be done by a third-party service provider known as a money changer. So there are a lot of options to choose from.
For example: In a country like India there are many banks which do money transfers abroad like HDFC, ICICI, SBI, PNB, RBL Bank and Axis Bank etc.
Apart from them, there are also authorized money changers who can provide the same service such as Thomas Cook, UAE Exchange (now Unimoni).
2. The chosen bank/money changer does KYC documents verification to ensure RBI rules compliance
The sender’s KYC documents are verified by the money transfer service provider. This is to ensure the sender is following all the RBI remittance rules, especially with respect to the maximum allowed limit to remit money abroad (USD 2,50,000 per year).
|What are KYC documents you need to an international money transfer?
You can find the KYC documents required for the different RBI listed purposes of money transfer in the link below;
Typically PAN Card, Form A2 (where beneficiary details are filled) and another Govt. ID like Aadhar Card/Driver’s Licence are needed.
3. The sender transfers the money to the bank/money changer
Once the documents are verified, the remittance transaction is confirmed by the chosen bank or money changer. The sender then has to transfer the money to them via NEFT/RTGS. For this, they’d have to add the money transfer service provider as a beneficiary. Once this is done, the sender sends them the money.
|What are the fees for doing a “Wire Transfer” from India to abroad?
4. The money transfer service provider initiates the “Wire Transfer” message over SWIFTNet Network
The exchange rates are booked and the beneficiary information is fed into the SWIFTNet Network.
|SWIFT stands for Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication. It was developed in 1973 as a standardized way for banks to coordinate financial transactions and data exchange around the world electronically. A software (SWIFTNet Link) is provided to the banks in the SWIFTNet Network through which the international money transfer transactions are carried out.|
If the sender’s bank and the receiver’s bank have a direct relationship under SWIFT, then the transaction is processed speedily.
However, if the sender’s bank doesn’t have a direct relationship with the receiver’s bank then there may be a delay in transaction completion.
In such a case, a network of intermediary banks in SWIFT, who have connections to both the sender and receiver bank, comes to the rescue. The SWIFT message is routed through them (thus the delay) and finally the message is transmitted to the receiver’s bank.
Overall, a Wire Transfer may take anywhere between a few hours to 2 working days to get processed and this is one of the main drawbacks of SWIFT.
But on the other hand, SWIFT transfers are one of the safest ways to send money internationally from India and approved by RBI.
5. The beneficiary bank receives the Wire Transfer message and credits the funds to the beneficiary account
So finally, after all these processes, the receiver’s bank gets the Wire Transfer message and releases the funds to the beneficiary bank account.
In all these steps there is never a physical movement of money from one location to another. What is happening is banks passing messages to move the money virtually through the use of electronic messages over the SWIFTNet network (and an electronic ledger maintained by different banks recording the virtual movement of money).
Pretty fascinating, isn’t it?
Also Read: What Is IBAN Number and Why You Need It To Transfer Money Abroad?
Been with us so far and found this topic interesting?
We’ll explain more about the working of a “Wire Transfer” under SWIFT with an example and talk about the SWIFT Code or Bank Identifier Code (BIC) in our next post. Also, find out how Western Union and PayPal transfer money internationally.
ExTravelMoney.com is an aggregator of money transfer and currency exchange service providers in India.
Compare and book “Wire Transfer” online from Banks and RBI authorized exchange houses near you at the best exchange rates!